Tytuł Data publikacji Autor
2017
Arkadiusz Woźniakowski
The Hel Peninsula fortifications are one of the largest and most interesting historic coastal fortification complexes in Poland. Built from the 1930s until demilitarisation at the end of the Cold War, they are now one of the biggest tourist attractions of the region. The article attempts to describe the history of their development, current state and selected problems related to their protection and adaptation for touristic purposes. This case-study shows that creating tourist attractions based on military heritage demands specific conditions and actions in order to be successful. It also appears that various problems related with twentieth century fortifications, especially from the Cold War era, are still waiting to be solved. The main conclusion is the need for complex studies and protection of historical fortifications in a broader context which can be obtained by creating a cultural park – a form of heritage registry in Poland protecting the cultural landscape.
2017
Arkadiusz Woźniakowski
2017
Arkadiusz Woźniakowski
Le fortificazioni della Penisola Hel sono uno dei più grandi e interessanti complessi di fortificazione costiera in Polonia. Sono stati costruiti tra gli anni Trenta e la fine della guerra fredda quando furono per lo più demilitarizzate. A causa della loro specificità, le fortificazioni della Penisola di Hel sono un buon esempio di molti problemi e sfide legate alla protezione e all'adattamento dell'architettura militare del XX secolo, come: la necessità di una corretta valutazione, un potenziale limitato di adattamento, la scelta di un adeguato programma di conservazione o il conflitto di interessi tra i proprietari e le esigenze di conservazione. Paradossalmente, la ricchezza delle risorse può anche essere uno svantaggio, limitando la protezione solo a quei pochi rilevanti, ma trascurando gli altri. Un'altra difficoltà è il rispetto ancora insufficiente per il materiale dei monumenti del XX secolo durante i lavori di conservazione.
2017
Arkadiusz Woźniakowski,
Jakub Szczepański,
Robert Hirsch
The Hel Peninsula fortifications are one of the largest and most interesting historic coastal fortification complexes in Poland. Built from the 1930s until demilitarisation at the end of the Cold War, they are now one of the biggest tourist attractions of the region. The article attempts to describe the history of their development, current state and selected problems related to their protection and adaptation for touristic purposes. This case-study shows that creating tourist attractions based on military heritage demands specific conditions and actions in order to be successful. It also appears that various problems related with twentieth century fortifications, especially from the Cold War era, are still waiting to be solved. The main conclusion is the need for complex studies and protection of historical fortifications in a broader context which can be obtained by creating a cultural park – a form of heritage registry in Poland protecting the cultural landscape.
2017
Arkadiusz Woźniakowski,
Jakub Szczepański,
Robert Hirsch
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